7 Technologies That Are Perfect Answers To Climate Change
Standing in 21st century, the evolution of species and mankind has only moved towards an advanced but scarce natural habitat. With the recent death of only male Northern White Rhino, Sudan, the concern of environmentalists all over the world raised that this could be the final call to act against the climate change. Northern White Rhinos have sustained the worst of climate changes in past but this ancient species couldn’t face the wrath of carbon levels prevailing in today’s time. And sadly, this isn’t the only by-gone. Eastern cougar, Pinta island tortoise, Formosan cloud leopard, Pyrenean Ibex, Chinese Paddlefish and more animals have gone extinct from their only home called Earth!
“The time is past when humankind thought it could selfishly draw on exhaustible resources. We know now the world is not a commodity” – François Hollande, President of French Republic.
So now when we understand that our stay is not permanent and can get extinct with continuous use of resources irresponsibly, then there are some scientists and researchers who are focusing on arriving at sustainable development and green innovation to protect what we still have.
Here are some outbreak of technologies that would bring goose bumps to your skin:
1. Capturing The Climate Change Enemy By Its Tail
Nitrogen constitutes 78% of atmospheric air and its increasing value is also the cause of global warming. With agricultural waste and soil emitting Dinitrogen monoxide (N2O), the increase in NOX levels is quite frightening for health and nature. University of Minnesota came with an efficient process of making fertilizers using wind power where they utilized standard Haber-Bosch Process for production of fertilizers. This saved 40% of energy that was drained into Nitrogen-based fertilizers.
2. Reducing Chemical Disasters To Zero
Chemical industries have a huge tendency of uncontrolled accidents. The past accidents are only the proof that one incident could lead to decades of sufferings. Chernobyl Nuclear disaster in Russia, France’s Feyzin’s Explosion, Baia Mare Cyanide Spill in Romania and Bhopal’s Gas Spill are some of the fatal accidents that wrote the bloody history. For acquiring foul-proof state, stringent safety rules for international markets, investment in safety & hazard control system and monitoring of safe practices are some steps to reduce such incidents. Making industries automated and computer simulated are also great ways to reduce manual errors.
3. Connecting Processes For Efficiency
Until now, industrialists and researchers have thought alike. Their ‘use & throw’ policy has already given us a lot of pain than comfort. To note here, 30% of Carbon emission comes from industries. So, if there’s something to change then it is connecting industrial processes. It’s known, “Byproduct of one industry is main constituent of another.” The biggest example is Cement Industry. This industry has one of the highest carbon footprints. One of the high grade cement is called Portland Pozzolana Cement. Apart from Calcium oxide, Silica and Alumina, to give it more strength and adhesiveness, Fly Ash is added to the clinker. Fly ash is the by-product of the thermal plant that is produced by burning coal; it reduces the use of clay much largely. This interlinking of industry is an absolute example of reducing carbon footprints.
4. Nuclear Fusion For Power Generation
A lot has been talked about the nuclear energy and its use in producing energy. However, Uranium-235 rods have been used as nuclear fission fuel. A 100% unstable and fatal process that leads to nuclear waste that remains active for years to follow. The technology to harness energy from nuclear fusion is the latest addition to shelf of sustainable power generation. Canadian Company, General Fusion is the first ever production house that directs the collision of stable isotope of Hydrogen, Deuterium and unstable isotope of Hydrogen, Tritium in the controlled environment of reaction vessel. As products, highly energetic Helium and Neutron are produced that are then harvested to extract useful energy and reduce the molecular entropy.
5. Painting White Roads For Significant Degrees Drop
White roof has created a much of stir lately and people have already started to implement this idea into real life use. The inside temperature in white roof house is at least 2°C less than dark roof houses. However, the interesting change to notice is that many countries including Los Angeles, the boiling pot, have started painting their roads white. Black Asphalt observes a lot of heat during direct sunlight exposure which is released steadily throughout the night. This keeps the climate hot, in general. White coated paint reflects back most of the sunlight and a 5.55°C of temperature drop have been noted that is a massive success in terms of climate change. More commercialization of such specialized paints is under consideration.
6. Utilizing Carbon Dioxide From The Air
Carbon, over the years, has been the most versatile element on earth. Its isotopes, lattice structure and properties are magical. You can create a pencil to bomb out of carbon manipulation. Stuart Litch, Professor at George Washington University, demonstrates how carbon nanofiber can be produced using molten lithium carbonate and lithium oxide. It’s an electrolytic cell that takes carbon dioxide from the air and creates more lithium carbonate while carbon gets accumulated on the electrodes to form nanofibers. Nanofiber shape and diameters can be controlled by monitoring amount of current passed through it.
7. DNA Sequencing For Healthy Fauna & Flora
Extinction is not only caused by climate change but also disease apocalypse or loss of reproduction fertility. Biologists are advancing their research and technology development to bring about revolution in science. DNA sequencing or genomes are structural information of living organisms. Genome engineering basically deals with modifying, deleting, editing or replacing DNA to reduce the chances of disease prevailing or spreading throughout the body. It’s an essential biological advancement and is known to be a breeding ground for related technologies like robotics and medical sciences.
Climate change is no longer in dreams. With proofs of extinction, rising temperature, declining natural resources and increasing natural disasters, the Earth has had enough. It’s time that we act or bear the consequences. No effort has ever gone wasted. From industrial to personal level, let’s streamline our actions for creating selfless technologies.